When European colonial authors introduce us to the native, they have created a native; native character became a real European readers of the actual inhabitants of the New World.
Huge otherness natives' overshadowed any individuality that can be found among them. The home was childish, usually incapable of reason, and savagely unchristian, contrary to the European. Robinson Crusoe was first introduced us to Friday as various native in a certain way.
Friday, a native that he represents, and persists even in the post-colonial literature. In general, he became a stereotype in literature, but Friday- Crusoe connection is quite different from the typical European-native relations colonial era.
"" In the past few decades encounter Robinson and Friday took over the importance that Daniel Defoe is a thousand miles from even suspected. "Michel Tournier. The Wind Spirit"
In colonial literature in his home is, as a general rule, the ugly. For example, Robinson Crusoe describes color on Friday as an exception in the "ugly yellow torment Tawny, as Brasilians, and Virginians, and other natives of America" had a (208).
In his idealization of his new slave, tourism stressed that he did not have ugly skin that natives often had. By separating the Friday of the typical native, he has improved the appearance of it. Robinson describes Friday: "He was handsome handsome Fellow, perfectly well made, with a real strong limbs, not too big, tall and well shap'd, and as I reckon, about twenty-six years old. He is a very good figure, not so strong and surly aspect, but seem'd to have something very manly in his face, and yet had all the sweetness and softness in the face of European, especially when smil'd. His hair was long and black, not curl'd as wool; forehead very high, and large, and large Vivacity and sparkling sharpness in his eyes. The color of his skin was not quite black, but very tawny; and yet not ugly yellow torment Tawny, as Brasilians, and Virginians, and other inhabitants of America are; but of bright type Dun olive color, which had in it something very acceptable; Tho 'it is not easy to describe. His face was round and plump; nose small, not flat like a black, very good mouth, thin lips, and his turn teeth well set, and white as Ivory. "He looks as opposed to" black people. "
"After defining the obvious physical characteristics Friday, Robinson Crusoe immediately began making assumptions about these characteristics that he could not see. These assumptions have led to stereotypes that have become a key component in building the other hand, native. After Friday Crusoe kills the attacker, he describes how Friday came to him and put his head under foot Robinson: "When he espied, he ran, and I laid on the ground again, with all the possible signs of a humble, grateful disposition, as many ancient gestures to show it. Finally he gave me his head flat on the ground, close to my foot, and sets my other foot on the head, as previously done, and after that, of all the characters I subjection, servitude and submission possible, to let me know how many I serve when he lived in the little time I began to talk to him, and teach him to talk to me ,. and first he know his name should be Friday, which was the day I saved his life. I also learned to say, 'Master', and then let him know that was to be my name. "'
It could be a sign of gratitude, fear, awe, or one of many other emotions, but Crusoe automatically assumed that it "seems a sign of swearing to be my slave forever." Also, when it was first seen, he looked at him as a potential employee who says that the original is stereotyped subordinate. To slavers so you can sleep with a clear conscience, they had to constantly tell myself that the non-Europeans are natural slaves. Throughout the rest of the novel, Friday and continue to act in a manner stereotypical happy to celebrate. Colonial author uses this subordination to dehumanize their mother.
By calling on the Indian 'Friday' tourism denies its former name, the meaning of his former culture and its significance. With the past, the cultural world Friday wiped out, it comes down to his role as a servant Crusoe. Crusoe regrets later in the novel, making friendship with him. "In relations with the Friday, there is a strong strain of superiority and condescension on behalf Crusoe, who is driven by imperialism and ethnocentrism. Crusoe retains an innate sense of racial and genetic superiority typical Englishman of his era, place, and classes."
Crusoe is a man who builds a replica of the physical and moral world is left behind, and he wants to be king of the world. He imitates the aristocracy trying to be a man who owns the site and has a way. "His superiority over Friday is evident, even though he has tourism informs its insignificant cells in European society," mine was in the middle of the country, or what might be called the upper station of the Low Life "(Defoe, p. 4)." The first thing he did after Friday his name and placing him as a slave was given Friday his clothes-western. Crusoe imposes its culture through Fridays, which turned out to be able and willing to receive it, Crusoe teaches him his language and gives him a new identity and faith while he does not want to know anything about their culture. "And on Friday and the lack of acquisition of speech in novels is very important. In Robinson Crusoe Friday has been described as a very fast learner and a good student (213.) His character is used as a vehicle for important discussions and information on religious and moral issues, which adds other types of narration in the novel. Within Robinson Crusoe Friday not only learn English, but can discuss theological ideas and theories. "In the colonial and post-colonial literature, all the characters, and European and non-European, are given the opportunity to learn the language and customs of others. Robinson taught Friday "Angleščina so good to be able to answer almost all questions ..." (216). After only a few weeks in his native has learned enough English to hold a conversation.
Defoe, typical colonial author, never doubted intellect natives. Their inadequacy of the English language (and even on religion and morality) are explained as symptoms are isolated from Europe. Through a quick, intense training, the native may educated enough to be useful to the European. In the same novel, the European people have learned the language of the natives after being stranded at various island under a different scenario. Robinson used Friday as a translator for the Spaniard saved "the Spaniard spoke the language of savages pretty well" (241). The Spaniard is the use of language in the native and indigenous to the understanding of English was good enough that it was easier to communicate in two languages, but to try to speak directly between the Spanish and English language closely related. This example shows how the native and the Europeans were able to learn the language of another, when they need a position to do so. Within the text of speech and communication represents the action of civilization and socialization.
Through the teaching of speech, in Defoe's novel, Friday is also learned the importance of religion and make you think about your old life as inferior to the Christian way. So much so that when asked whether he would return to his cannibalism, if he is to return to his homeland, he replied that he would not and could, in fact, try to teach his countrymen the Christian way (p. 226).
Friday is portrayed as intelligent, deep thinker. He learned the language quickly and deeply, so that he shall enter into conversations involving subjects far from his situation. In conversations with Crusoe on coming up with arguments that are provocative and intelligent. He calls to question many things that tourism is taken for granted in terms of religion, for example, the relationship between the devil and God (220). It is not only the intellect to see that they are good if not better than Crusoe; in battle and fighting Friday points out himself, much Crusoe surprise.
What Defoe wrote in the 16th century, was a high-risk contraversial audience, because the natives were seen at the time, just like slaves without intellect and reason.
tags: Friday Man as a stereotype Colonial Native